These very ancient Chinese breed are named after the capital of China, where they were court dogs as long ago as the Tang Dynasty of the eighth century.  Their theft was punishment by execution, nevertheless the first representatives of the breed which reached England in 1860 were stolen from the Imperial Palace.

 In the English Cambridge Dictionary

Pe·king·ese (pkng-z,-s) also Pe·kin·ese (pk-nz,-ns).
n., pl. Pekingese, also Pekinese.  


  A native or resident of Peking (Beijing).
2.       The Chinese dialect of Peking.
3.       (pk-nz, -ns). a breed of small dog developed in China, having a flat nose, a long-haired coat, short bowed forelegs, & a tail that curls over its back.

General Appearance
Small, well balanced, thick-set dog of dignity & quality. 

Leonine in appearance with alert & intelligent expression. 

Fearless, loyal, aloof but not timid or aggressive. 

Head & Skull
Head large, proportionately wider than deep. Skull broad, wide & flat between ears; not domed; wide between eyes. Nose short & broad, nostrils large, open & black; muzzle wide, well wrinkled with firm under-jaw. Profile flat with nose well set between eyes. Pronounced stop. Black pigment essential on nose, lips & eye rims. 

Large, clear, round, dark & lustrous. 

Heart-shaped, set level with the skull & carried close to the head, with long profuse feathering. Leathers not to come below line of muzzle. 

Level lips, must not show teeth or tongue. Firm under-jaw essential. 

Very short & thick. 

Short, thick, heavily boned forelegs; bones of forelegs slightly bowed, firm at shoulder. Soundness essential. 

Short, broad chest & good spring of ribs, well slung between forelegs with distinct waist, level back. 

Hindlegs lighter than forelegs but firm & well shaped. Close behind but not cow-hocked. Soundness essential. 

Large & flat, not round. St&ing well up on feet, not on pasterns. Front feet slightly turned out. 

Set high, carried tightly, slightly curved over back to either side. Long feathering. 

Slow dignified rolling gait in front. Typical movement not to be confused with a roll caused by slackness of shoulders. Close action behind. Absolute soundness essential. 

Long, straight with profuse mane extending beyond shoulders forming a cape round neck; top coat coarse with thick undercoat. Profuse feathering on ears, back of legs, tail & toes. 

All colours & markings are permissible & of equal merit, except albino or liver. Parti-colours evenly broken. 

Ideal weight not exceeding 5 kgs (11 lbs) for dogs & 5.4 kgs (12 lbs) for bitches. Dogs should look small but be surprisingly heavy when picked up; heavy bone & a sturdy well-built body are essentials of the breed. 

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault & the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. 

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.